Sources

I started from listening to stories and anecdotes about menstrual impacts and care from women. For each comment, I and my team then researched and sourced info on the physical impact of the menstrual cycle to those who menstruate in these ways:

  • Refereed publications
  • Evidence-supported information
  • Personal interviews
  • Prototyping and feedback

Favourite Author: Lara Briden: Period Repair Manual: Natural Treatment for Better Hormones and Better Periods.

We welcome to be corrected for any item as research is ongoing, please supply the article or evidence. While the advice within the website and app is not organised by day (due to a change in the ovulation date, or the period starting early or late, or ending early or late in relevance to its length and duration), the administration of the advice for each different day and each non-overlapping day is organised by day. As such, the sources referenced to support the advice for each day include:

  • 1
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997.
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Mooney-Somers, J., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M., A complex negotiation: Women’s experiences of naming and not naming premenstrual distress in couple relationships. Women & Health, 47(3): 57-77.] Source
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Mead M., N. Benefits of Sunlight: A Bright Spot for Human Health Environ Health Perspect. 2008 Apr; 116(4): A160–A167,
  • Dr G W Lambert PhD, C Reid PhD, M Kaye MBBS, G L Jennings MBBS, MD Esler MBBS Effect of sunlight and season on serotonin turnover in the brain. The Lancet Volume 360, Issue 9348, 7 December 2002, Pages 1840-1842,
  • Amit Vaibhav, Swati Shukla and Om Prakash Singh. Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation): A Path to Good Health. International Journal of Pharmacological Research Source ISSN: 2277-3312
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Botha L.C. 2015. Personal contribution
  • Maciocia, G. Obstetrics and Gynecology in Chinese Medicine 2011, p7.
  • Alagendran, S., Rameshkumar, K., Palanivelu K., Puspha N., Ranjani M., Arulmozhi N., Archunan G. Salivary amino acids quantification using RP-HPLC during normal menstrual cycle African Journal of Biochemistry Research Vol.3 (5), pp. 185-189, May, 2009 Source ISSN 1996-0778 © 2007 Academic Journals
  • Worwood V.A., Stonehouse J., The Endometriosis Natural Treatment Program: A Complete Self-Help Plan for Improving Health and Well-Being. New World Library, 9 Feb 2011 – Health & Fitness p102-103
  • Personal Communications: Lulu, Jennifer, Aki, Chinatsu, Aimi, Tomoko, Ayumi, Sidonie, Eri, Ammi
  • Isaacs, S. Hormonal Balance: How to Lose Weight by Understanding Your Hormones and metabolism, 3rd Edition. Bull Publishing, 2012, p226.
  • Maharani S. I., , Pramono N., Sri Wahyuni S., Dark Chocolate’s Effect On Menstrual Pain In Late Adolescents Maharani SI, et al. Belitung Nursing Journal. 2017 December; 3(6):686-692 Source
  • Christine B. Ambrosone, Susan E. McCann, Jo L. Freudenheim, James R. Marshall, Yueshang Zhang, Peter G. Shields. Breast Cancer Risk in Premenopausal Women Is Inversely Associated with Consumption of Broccoli, a Source of Isothiocyanates, but Is Not Modified by GST Genotype. The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 134, Issue 5, May 2004, Pages 1134–1138, Source
  • 2
  • Maharani S. I., , Pramono N., Sri Wahyuni S., Dark Chocolate’s Effect On Menstrual Pain In Late Adolescents Maharani SI, et al. Belitung Nursing Journal. 2017 December; 3(6):686-692 Source
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997.
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd
  • http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/counsellor-articles/sex-education-mastering-menstrual-moods last accessed 160128. Also Bronson, P. J., Mood Biochemistry of Women at Mid-Life Source last accessed 160128.
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Botha, 2015. Personal communications.
  • Maciocia, G. Obstetrics and Gynecology in Chinese Medicine 2011, p7
  • Isaacs, S. Hormonal Balance: How to Lose Weight by Understanding Your Hormones and metabolism, 3rd Edition. Bull Publishing, 2012, p226.
  • 3
  • Maharani S. I., , Pramono N., Sri Wahyuni S., Dark Chocolate’s Effect On Menstrual Pain In Late Adolescents Maharani SI, et al. Belitung Nursing Journal. 2017 December; 3(6):686-692 Source
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997.
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. Frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd
  • Rybaczyk L. A., Bashaw M. J., Pathak D. R., Moody S. M., Gilders R. M., Holzschu D. L. An overlooked connection: serotonergic mediation of estrogen-related physiology and pathology. BMC Women’s Health volume 5, Article number: 12 (2005)
  • Maciocia, G. Obstetrics and Gynaecology in Chinese Medicine, 2011.
  • Schulz, M.L.: M.D.; Ph.D. The New Feminine Brain, 2013.
  • Botha, 2013. Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle, 2013, p45 Source
  • Positive Memes aim for progress not perfection
  • 4
  • Maharani S. I., , Pramono N., Sri Wahyuni S., Dark Chocolate’s Effect On Menstrual Pain In Late Adolescents Maharani SI, et al. Belitung Nursing Journal. 2017 December; 3(6):686-692 Source
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997.
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik, H. S. Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle, 2013. Source
  • Sgobba, C. 8 things you need to know about her period. Source accessed Jan 25, 2016.
  • 5
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997.
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Equilibria Health, vaginal dryness Source accessed 160125;
  • Aldoretta, J. The Cycle. Breaking Stigmas & Unlocking the Benefits of the Female Reproductive System with the Sympto-thermal Method of Fertility Awareness. 2014, p42, 48
  • 6
  • Maharani S. I., , Pramono N., Sri Wahyuni S., Dark Chocolate’s Effect On Menstrual Pain In Late Adolescents Maharani SI, et al. Belitung Nursing Journal. 2017 December; 3(6):686-692 Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle, p31. Source
  • 7
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • 8
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • 9
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • 10
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Aldoretta, J. The Cycle. Breaking Stigmas & Unlocking the Benefits of the Female Reproductive System with the Sympto-thermal Method of Fertility Awareness. 2014
  • How do I calculate when I am ovulating? Source Ovulation at www.babycenter.com.au/ovulation. Ovulation at www.fertilityfriend.com/Faqs/Ovulation.html 160221.
  • Cervial Screening, when Source also overview of the Pap Smear process Source
  • 11
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk-taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk-taking in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Aldoretta, J. The Cycle. Breaking Stigmas & Unlocking the Benefits of the Female Reproductive System with the Sympto-thermal Method of Fertility Awareness. 2014
  • Epstein, D.A., Lee, N.B., Kang, J.H., Agapie, E., Schroeder, J., Pina, L. R., Fogarty, J., Kientz, J.A., Munson, S.A. Examining Menstrual Tracking to Inform the Design of Personal Informatics Tools CHI 2017, May 06 – 11, 2017, Denver, CO, USA
  • Shilaih M., Goodale B. M., Falco L., Kubler F., De Clerck V., and Leeners, B. Modern fertility awareness methods: wrist wearables capture the changes in temperature associated with the menstrual cycle. Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Ava AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Bioscience Reports (2018) 38 BSR20171279 Source
  • 12
  • Shilaih M., Goodale B. M., Falco L., Kubler F., De Clerck V., and Leeners, B. Modern fertility awareness methods: wrist wearables capture the changes in temperature associated with the menstrual cycle. Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Ava AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Bioscience Reports (2018) 38 BSR20171279 Source
  • Joyce, K.M., Stewart, S.H., Standardization of Menstrual Cycle Data for the Analysis of Intensive Longitudinal Data. IntechOpen Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. Frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Lupton, D. ‘Mastering Your Fertility’: The Digitised Reproductive Citizen Source
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk-taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd
  • The Female Brain, Brizendine, L. Random House, 2009
  • 13
  • Shilaih M., Goodale B. M., Falco L., Kubler F., De Clerck V., and Leeners, B. Modern fertility awareness methods: wrist wearables capture the changes in temperature associated with the menstrual cycle. Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Ava AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Bioscience Reports (2018) 38 BSR20171279 Source
  • Joyce, K.M., Stewart, S.H., Standardization of Menstrual Cycle Data for the Analysis of Intensive Longitudinal Data. IntechOpen Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Lupton, D. ‘Mastering Your Fertility’: The Digitised Reproductive Citizen Source
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk-taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd
  • The Female Brain, Brizendine, L. Random House, 2009
  • 14
  • Shilaih M., Goodale B. M., Falco L., Kubler F., De Clerck V., and Leeners, B. Modern fertility awareness methods: wrist wearables capture the changes in temperature associated with the menstrual cycle. Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Ava AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Bioscience Reports (2018) 38 BSR20171279 Source
  • Joyce, K.M., Stewart, S.H., Standardization of Menstrual Cycle Data for the Analysis of Intensive Longitudinal Data. IntechOpen Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. Frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Lupton, D. ‘Mastering Your Fertility’: The Digitised Reproductive Citizen Source
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk-taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle, p31. Source
  • 15
  • Shilaih M., Goodale B. M., Falco L., Kubler F., De Clerck V., and Leeners, B. Modern fertility awareness methods: wrist wearables capture the changes in temperature associated with the menstrual cycle. Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Ava AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Bioscience Reports (2018) 38 BSR20171279 Source
  • Joyce, K.M., Stewart, S.H., Standardization of Menstrual Cycle Data for the Analysis of Intensive Longitudinal Data. IntechOpen Source
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. Frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Lupton, D. ‘Mastering Your Fertility’: The Digitised Reproductive Citizen Source
  • 16
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Shilaih M., Goodale B. M., Falco L., Kubler F., De Clerck V., and Leeners, B. Modern fertility awareness methods: wrist wearables capture the changes in temperature associated with the menstrual cycle. Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Ava AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Bioscience Reports (2018) 38 BSR20171279 Source
  • Joyce, K.M., Stewart, S.H., Standardization of Menstrual Cycle Data for the Analysis of Intensive Longitudinal Data. IntechOpen Source
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Ussher, J. 2004. Premenstrual Syndrome and Selfpolicing: Ruptures in Self-Silencing Leading to Increased Self-Surveillance and Blaming of the Body. Social Theory & Health, 2004, 2, (254–272). Source
  • Read, J.R., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M. Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure. Read et al. BMC Women’s Health 2014, 14:1 Source
  • Mooney-Somers, J., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M., A complex negotiation: Women’s experiences of naming and not naming premenstrual distress in couple relationships. Women & Health, 47(3): 57-77.] Source
  • Lupton, D. ‘Mastering Your Fertility’: The Digitised Reproductive Citizen Source
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • 17
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • 18
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • 19
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Ussher, J. 2004. Premenstrual Syndrome and Selfpolicing: Ruptures in Self-Silencing Leading to Increased Self-Surveillance and Blaming of the Body. Social Theory & Health, 2004, 2, (254–272). Source
  • 20
  • Nillni Y.I., Rohan K. J., Mahon J. N., Pineles S.L., Zvolensky M.J, The role of anxiety sensitivity in the experience of menstrual-related symptoms reported via daily diary Psychiatry Research 210 (2013) 564–569
  • The Female Brain, Brizendine, L. Random House, 2009
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • 22
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. Frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Ussher, J. 2004. Premenstrual Syndrome and Selfpolicing: Ruptures in Self-Silencing Leading to Increased Self-Surveillance and Blaming of the Body. Social Theory & Health, 2004, 2, (254–272). Source
  • Read, J.R., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M. Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure. Read et al. BMC Women’s Health 2014, 14:1 Source
  • Mooney-Somers, J., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M., A complex negotiation: Women’s experiences of naming and not naming premenstrual distress in couple relationships. Women & Health, 47(3): 57-77.] Source
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • 23
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Maharani S. I., , Pramono N., Sri Wahyuni S., Dark Chocolate’s Effect On Menstrual Pain In Late Adolescents Maharani SI, et al. Belitung Nursing Journal. 2017 December; 3(6):686-692 Source
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • 24
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • 25
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Read, J.R., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M. Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure. Read et al. BMC Women’s Health 2014, 14:1 Source
  • Mooney-Somers, J., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M., A complex negotiation: Women’s experiences of naming and not naming premenstrual distress in couple relationships. Women & Health, 47(3): 57-77.] Source
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • 26
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research,, : ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997.
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Ussher, J. 2004. Premenstrual Syndrome and Selfpolicing: Ruptures in Self-Silencing Leading to Increased Self-Surveillance and Blaming of the Body. Social Theory & Health, 2004, 2, (254–272). Source
  • Read, J.R., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M. Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure. Read et al. BMC Women’s Health 2014, 14:1 Source
  • Mooney-Somers, J., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M., A complex negotiation: Women’s experiences of naming and not naming premenstrual distress in couple relationships. Women & Health, 47(3): 57-77.]Source
  • Foods that affect menstruation Source last accessed 160128
  • Pearce L. H. Moon Time. Harness the ever-changing energy of your menstrual cycle, 2015, p23.
  • Aldoretta, J. The Cycle. Breaking Stigmas & Unlocking the Benefits of the Female Reproductive System with the Sympto-thermal Method of Fertility Awareness. 2014 p42
  • Equilibria Health, vaginal dryness Source, last accessed 160128
  • 27
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Maharani S. I., , Pramono N., Sri Wahyuni S., Dark Chocolate’s Effect On Menstrual Pain In Late Adolescents Maharani SI, et al. Belitung Nursing Journal. 2017 December; 3(6):686-692 Source
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research,, : ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997.
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Ussher, J. 2004. Premenstrual Syndrome and Selfpolicing: Ruptures in Self-Silencing Leading to Increased Self-Surveillance and Blaming of the Body. Social Theory & Health, 2004, 2, (254–272). Source
  • Read, J.R., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M. Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure. Read et al. BMC Women’s Health 2014, 14:1 Source
  • Mooney-Somers, J., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M., A complex negotiation: Women’s experiences of naming and not naming premenstrual distress in couple relationships. Women & Health, 47(3): 57-77.] Source
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd
  • 27.1
  • Top 10 Things To Know About How Hormones Affect Libido Source
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Nillni Y.I., Rohan K. J., Mahon J. N., Pineles S.L., Zvolensky M.J, The role of anxiety sensitivity in the experience of menstrual-related symptoms reported via daily diary Psychiatry Research 210 (2013) 564–569 Source
  • The Female Brain, Brizendine, L. Random House, 2009
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • 28
  • Ussher, Jane & Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Nillni Y.I., Rohan K. J., Mahon J. N., Pineles S.L., Zvolensky M.J, The role of anxiety sensitivity in the experience of menstrual-related symptoms reported via daily diary Psychiatry Research 210 (2013) 564–569 Source
  • The Female Brain, Brizendine, L. Random House, 2009
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Maharani S. I., , Pramono N., Sri Wahyuni S., Dark Chocolate’s Effect On Menstrual Pain In Late Adolescents Maharani SI, et al. Belitung Nursing Journal. 2017 December; 3(6):686-692 Source
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014 Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from PMSBuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997.
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying . Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Ussher, J. 2004. Premenstrual Syndrome and Selfpolicing: Ruptures in Self-Silencing Leading to Increased Self-Surveillance and Blaming of the Body. Social Theory & Health, 2004, 2, (254–272). Source
  • Read, J.R., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M. Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure. Read et al. BMC Women’s Health 2014, 14:1 Source
  • Mooney-Somers, J., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M., A complex negotiation: Women’s experiences of naming and not naming premenstrual distress in couple relationships. Women & Health, 47(3): 57-77.] Source
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd

Sources that support information in numerous areas

  • Aldoretta, J. The Cycle. Breaking Stigmas & Unlocking the Benefits of the Female Reproductive System with the Sympto-thermal Method of Fertility Awareness. 2014
  • American Academy of Pediatrics. “Menstruation in Girls and Adolescents: Using the Menstrual Cycle as a Vital Sign.” Pediatrics 118.5 (2006): 2245–2250.
  • Amit Vaibhav, Swati Shukla and Om Prakash Singh. Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation): A Path to Good Health. International Journal of Pharmacological Research Source ISSN: 2277-3312
  • Apter, D. Hormonal Pattern of Adolescent Menstrual Cycles. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 1978
  • Baca-García E1, Díaz-Sastre C, de Leon J, Saiz-Ruiz J. 2000, The relationship between menstrual cycle phases and suicide attempts, Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine. 2000 Jan-Feb: 62(1):50-60.
  • Bäckström, T. Mood, Sexuality, Hormones and the Menstrual Cycle. I. Changes in Mood and Physical State: Description of Subjects and Method. Psychosomatic Medicine Vol. 45, No. 6, 1983.
  • Barsom, S. H., Dillaway, H. E., Koch, P. B., Ostowski, M. L., & Masfield, P. K. (2008). The menstrual cycle and adolescent health. Annals of New York Academy of Science. 52-57. Doi: 10.1196/annals.1429.001.
  • Bernstein, L., Ross, R.K., Lobo, R.A., Hanisch, R., Krailo, M.D., Henderson, B.E. The effects of moderate physical activity on menstrual cycle patterns in Adolescence: Implications for breast cancer prevention. Br. J. Cancer (1987), 55, 681-685
  • Botha, L.C. HorMoon Awareness Guide, 2010 Source
  • Botha, L.C., Chevalier-Batik H.S. 2013 Understanding Your Mind, Mood and Hormone Cycle Source
  • Boyle, G., Aerobic exercise, mood states and menstrual cycle symptoms. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 1-1 1994
  • Boyle, G., Boucher, E. “Relationship between premenstrual symptoms and postnatal depression: An exploratory study” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Boyle, G., Effects of menstrual cycle moods and symptoms on academic performance: A study of senior secondary school students. Bond University. Humanities & Social Sciences papers Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences3-1-1997
  • British Journal of Educational Psychology, 67 (1), 37-49: ISSN 2044-8279
  • Boyle. G. (2000) “Menstrual cycle moods and symptoms in young, healthy women: A heuristic model” Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research: ISSN 1918-1108. Source
  • Boyle, G., Prospective versus retrospective assessment of Menstrual cycle symptoms and moods: Role of Attitudes and beliefs. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 1992
  • Briden, Lara (2017), Period Repair Manual, Second Edition: Natural Treatment for Better Hormones and Better Periods, Pan Macmillan Australia
  • Brizendine, L. The Female Brain. Broadway Books New York 2006
  • Bronson, P.J. Mood Biochemistry of Women at Mid-life. Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine Vol. 16, No. 3, 2001
  • Buriticá Alzate, J. The Menstrual Closet: Analysis of the Representation of Menstruation in Japanese and Colombian Advertisements for Feminine Hygiene Products. ICU Society for the Study of Comparative Culture, Mitaka, Tokyo. March, 2013. ICU Comparative Culture No.45 [2013], pp. 29-59
  • Burke, Kenneth. “Definition of Man.” Hudson Review 16.4 (1963/1964): 491–514. JSTOR. 4 Sept 2010.
  • Cardiff, C., Redding, B., Osborne, A., Quint, C. Teaching the Taboo: Menstruation Education in England and Wales Source
  • Cauffman, E., & Steinberg, L. (1996). Interactive effects of menarcheal status and dating and dieting and disordered eating among adolescent girls. Developmental Psychology, 32(4). 631-635.
  • Chou, Y., Zxy-Yann, J. L., Wang, F. T. Y., Lan, C., & Lin, L. (2008). Meanings and experiences of menstruation: Perceptions of institutionalized women with an intellectual disability. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 21. 575-584. Doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2008.00430.x.Lee.
  • Cochrane, Kira. “It’s in the Blood.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. 2 October 2009. Web. 4 September 2010 Source
  • Coleman, L., & Coleman, J. (2002). The measurement of puberty: A review. Journal of Adolescence, 25. 535-550. Doi:10.1006/jando.2002.0494.
  • Dilorio, C., Hodkenberiy-Eaton, M., Maibach, E., Rivero, T., & Miller, K. (1996). The content of African American mothers’ discussions with their adolescents about sex. Journal of Family Nursing, 2. 365-382.
  • Diorio, J. A., & Munro, J. A. (2000). Doing harm in the name of protection: Menstruation as a topic for sex education. Gender and Education, 12(3), 347-365.
  • Dr G W Lambert PhD, C Reid PhD, M Kaye MBBS, G L Jennings MBBS, MD Esler MBBS Effect of sunlight and season on serotonin turnover in the brain. The Lancet Volume 360, Issue 9348, 7 December 2002, Pages 1840-1842
  • Dye, L., Blundell, J.E. Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Human Reproduction vol.12 no.6 pp.1142–1151, 1997
  • Ela Przybylo, Breanne Fahs. Feels and Flows: On the Realness of Menstrual Pain and Cripping Menstrual Chronicity. Feminist Formations, Volume 30, Issue 1, Spring 2018, pp. 206-229
  • Englander-golden, P. Menstrual cycle as focus of study and self-reports of moods and behaviors. Motivation and Emotion, 1978, Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska – Lincoln.
  • Englander-golden, P. Female Sexual Arousal and the Menstrual Cycle. Journal of Human Stress, 1980, Department of Psychology University of Nebraska – Lincoln
  • Epstein, D.A., Lee, N.B., Kang, J.H., Agapie, E., Schroeder, J., Pina, L. R., Fogarty, J., Kientz, J.A., Munson, S.A. Examining Menstrual Tracking to Inform the Design of Personal Informatics Tools CHI 2017, May 06 – 11, 2017, Denver, CO, USA
  • Erchull, M. J., Chrisler, J. C., Gorman, J. A., & Johnston-Robledo, I. (2002). Education and advertising: A content analysis of commercially produced booklets about menstruation. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 22(4). 455-474. Doi: 10.1177/027243102237192.
  • Farage, M. Miller, K. W. & Davis, A. (2011) Cultural aspects of menstruation and menstrual hygiene in adolescents, Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 6:2, 127-139, DOI: 10.1586/eog.11.1
  • Fenster L, Quale C, Waller K, Windham GC, Elkin EP, Benowitz N, Swan SH. Caffeine Consumption and Menstrual Function. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol 149, Issue 6, 15 March 1999, Pp 550–557, Source
  • Fiedor, D. Mens Perceptions of PMS and Premenstrual Women: A Methodological Study. Bachelor of Psychology (Honours)Western Sydney University2015
  • Fingerson, L. (2005). Agency and the body in adolescent menstrual talk. Childhood, 12(91). 91–110. Doi:10.1177/0907568205049894. Source
  • Fingerson, L. (2006). Girls in power: Gender, body, and menstruation in adolescence. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  • Fontana, D. & Rees, V. (1982). Primary dysmenorrheal, educational performance, and cognitive and affective variables in adolescent school girls. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 52(2). 199-205.
  • Forbes, G., Adams–Curtis, L., White, K., & Holmgren, K. (2003). The Role of Hostile and Benevolent Sexism in Women’s and Men’s Perceptions of the Menstruating Woman. Psychology Of Women Quarterly, 27(1), 58-63.
  • Gender perceptions of PMS Source
  • Gill, J. Women, Alcohol and the Menstrual Cycle. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 1997, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp.
  • Gonzalez, J., Fahs, B,. Robinson, S. Cycling Together: Menstrual Synchrony as a Projection of Gendered Solidarity. Women’s eproductive Health, 1 (2), 90–105, 2014
  • Gottlieb A. American Premenstrual Syndrome: A Mute Voice. Anthropology Today, Vol. 4, No. 6. (Dec., 1988), pp. 10-13. Source
  • Gray, M. The Optimized Woman: Using Your Menstrual Cycle to Achieve Success and Fulfilment. John Hunt Publishing 2009
  • Hanukoglu, A. Stein, D Blank, S. Elizur, A. Witztum, E. Cyclic psychosis associated With the menstrual cycle. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 1993.
  • Hapidou, E.G., Rollman, G. Menstrual cycle modulation of tender points. Pain, 1998
  • Haq, M. N. (1984). Age at menarche and the related issue: A pilot study on urban school girls. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 13(6). 559-567.
  • Hawkey, A.J., Ussher, J., Perz, J., Metusela, C. Experiences and Constructions of Menarche and Menstruation among Migrant and Refugee Women. Qualitative Health Research2017, Vol. 27(10) 1473 –1490
  • Watt J, PhD Student in the “Education for Transformative Teaching, Learning, and Leadership” Cohort. Her Moody Time of the Month: Teaching, Learning, and Living the Body of Menstruation Source
  • Hillard, P. J. A. (2008). Menstruation in adolescents: What’s normal, what’s not. Annals of New York Academy of Science. 29- 35. Doi: 10.1196/annals.1429.022.
  • Holland, D., Lachicotte Jr., W., Skinner, D., & Cain, C. (1998). Identity and agency in cultural worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Ingrid, J., & Joan, C. (2013). The Menstrual Mark: Menstruation as Social Stigma. Sex Roles, 68(1), 9-18.
  • Isaacs, S. Hormonal Balance: How to Lose Weight by Understanding Your Hormones and metabolism, 3rd Edition. Bull Publishing, 2012, p226.
  • Jackson, T.E., Rachel Joffe Falmagne. Women wearing white: Discourses of menstruation and the experience of menarche. Feminism & Psychology 23(3) 379–398
  • Jarvis, C., Lynch, A., Morin, A. Management Strategies for Premenstrual Syndrome/Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 2008
  • Joyce, K.M., Stewart, S.H., Standardization of Menstrual Cycle Data for the Analysis of Intensive Longitudinal Data. IntechOpen Source
  • Ussher, J; Perz, Janette & Mooney-Somers, Julie. (2007). The experience and positioning of affect in the context of intersubjectivity: The case of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Critical Psychology. 21. 145-165.
  • Kaestle, C. E., Goldberg, A., Allen, K. More than just a punctuation mark: How boys and young men learn about menstruation. Journal of Family Issues, 2010, 1 –28
  • Kibler, J.K., Rhudy, J.L., Penzien, D.B., Jeanetta C. Hormones, Menstrual Distress, and Migraine Across the Phases of the Menstrual Cycle. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 2005. Research Submission.
  • Kissling, E. A. (1996). Bleeding out loud: Communication about menstruation. Feminism Psychology, 6(4). 481-504. Doi:10.1177/0959353596064002. Source
  • Kissling, E. A. (2006). Capitalizing on the curse: The business of menstruation. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienne. Bobel, C., Kissling, E. A. Menstruation Matters: Introduction to Representations of the Menstrual Cycle. Women’s Studies, 40:121–126, 2011
  • Koch, P. B. (2006). Women’s bodies as a “puzzle” for college men. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 1(3), 51-72. Doi:10.13000/J455v01n03_04. Source
  • Komar, B., Smith, J.E. A Positive Approach. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). Provincial Reproductive Mental Health Source
  • Kovacs, G., Salamonsen, L. Current concepts of the mechanisms of menstruation. Baillière’s best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology, 1999 Vol. 13, No. 2, pp 161–179,
  • Kraaimaat, F. Veeninga, A. T. Causal attributions in premenstrual syndrome. Psychology & Health, 1995
  • Kuczmiercyk, Labrum, & Johnson, 1992; Seigel, 1986; Ussher et al., 2007 in King M., Ussher J., Perz J. 2014
  • Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from pmsbuddy.com in Women’s Reproductive Health, 1(1), 3–20, 2014
  • Kuukasjärvi, S. Eriksson, P. Koskela, E. Mappes, T. Nissinen, K. And Rantala, M/ J. 2014. Attractiveness of women’s body odors over the menstrual cycle: the role of oral contraceptives and receiver sex in Behavioral Ecology (2004) 15 (4): 579-584.
  • Larson, C.M., et al., Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle, Horm. Behav. (2012), Source
  • Lee, J. (1998). Menarche and the (hetero) sexualization of the female body. In R. Weitz (Ed.), The politics of women’s bodies: Sexuality, appearance, and behavior (pp. 82-99). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Lee, J. (2008). “A Kotex and a smile”: Mothers and daughters at menarche. Journal of Family Issues, 29(10). 1325-1347. Source
  • Lee, J. (2009). Bodies at menarche: Stories of shame, concealment, and sexual maturation. Sex Roles, 60. 615-627. Doi: 10.1007/s11199-008-9569-1. Source
  • Lee, S. (2002). Health and sickness: The meaning of menstruation and premenstrual syndrome in women’s lives. Sex Roles, 46 (1-2). 25-35.
  • Liu, Y., Gold, E.B., Lasley, B.L., Johnson, W.O., Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle Characteristics. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 160, No. 2
  • Lupton, D. ‘Mastering Your Fertility’: The Digitised Reproductive Citizen Source
  • Maciocia, G. Obstetrics and Gynecology in Chinese Medicine 2011, p7.
  • Marvan, M. L., & Bejarano, J. (2005). Premenarcheal Mexican girls’ and their teachers’ perceptions of preparation students receive about menstruation at school. Journal of School Health, 75(3), 69-86.
  • Marvan, M. L., Morales, C., & Cortes-Iniestra, S. (2006). Emotional reactions to menarche among Mexican women of different generations. Sex Roles, 54. 323-330. Doi: 10.1007/s11199-006-9002-6. Source
  • Mason, L., & Cunningham, C. (2008). An exploration of issues around menstruation for women with Down Syndrome and their carers. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilites, 21. 257-267. Doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2007.00406.x.
  • Mead M., N. Benefits of Sunlight: A Bright Spot for Human Health Environ Health Perspect. 2008 Apr; 116(4): A160–A167
  • Mooney-Somers, J., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M., A complex negotiation: Women’s experiences of naming and not naming premenstrual distress in couple relationships. Women & Health, 47(3): 57-77.] Source
  • Nalebuff, R. K. (2009). My little red book. New York, NY: Twelve.
  • Nicolson, P. The menstrual cycle, science and femininity: Assumptions underlying menstrual cycle research. Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 41, No. 6, pp. 779-784, 1995
  • Nillni, Y. Mahon, J. Pineles, S. Zvolensky, M. The role of anxiety sensitivity in the experience of menstrual-related symptoms reported via daily diary: Psychiatry Research 2013, pp564-569. Source
  • Northrup, C., Women’s Bodies, Women’s Wisdom. Bantam Books New York
  • Olshansky, E. Women’s Mental Health: Depression and Anxiety. Nursing Clinics of North America, 2009
  • Omer-Hashi, K., & Silver, J. (1994). No words can express: Two voices on female genital mutilation. Canadian Woman Studies, 14(3). Source
  • Paula Englander-Golden , Horng-Shing Chang, Mary R. Witmer, Richard A. Dienstbier, Penzien, D.Bennett, W.Rains, J. Kibler, J. Dollar, K. Hormones, Menstrual Distress, and Migraine Across the Phases of the Menstrual Cycle. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 2005
  • Pearce L. H. Moon Time. Harness the ever-changing energy of your menstrual cycle, 2015, p22, 23.
  • Perz, J. Representations of PMS and Premenstrual Women in Men’s Accounts: An Analysis of Online Posts from pmsbuddy.com. Women’s Reproductive Health, 2014, 1:1, 3-20
  • Pjulia R. Craner, Sandra T. Sigmon, Amber A. Martinson,and Morgan L. Mcgillicuddy. University of Maine. Premenstrual Disorders and Rumination. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2014
  • Pomerleau, C. S. (1996). Smoking and nicotine replacement treatment issues specific to women. American Journal of Health Behavior, 20(5). 291-299.
  • Prior, Jerilynn C. “What does the menstrual cycle tell us about bone health?” Paper presented The Menstrual Cycle is a Vital Sign: A Scientific Forum. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. 21 September 2004.
  • Rains, phd;G. Rodney Meeks, MD; William Bennett, phd; Katherine M. Dollar, MA Scarpa, B. Bortot, P. Masarotto, G. Sequential predictions of menstrual cycle lengths. Biostatistics, 2010
  • Read, J.R., Perz, J., Ussher, J.M. Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure. Read et al. BMC Women’s Health 2014, 14:1 Source
  • Reberte, Luciana & Andrade, José & Hoga, Luiza & Rudge, Trudy & Rodolpho, Juliana. (2013). Men’s Perceptions and Attitudes Toward the Partner With Premenstrual Syndrome. American journal of men’s health. 8. 10.1177/1557988313497050.
  • Roberts, T. (2004). Female trouble: The menstrual self-evaluation scale and women’s self-objectification. Women’s Quarterly, 28. 22-26.
  • Roberts, T., Goldenberg, J. L., Power, C., & Pyszczynski, T. (2002). “Feminine Protection”: The Effects of Menstruation on Attitudes Towards Women. Psychology Of Women Quarterly, 26(2), 131.
  • Rodgers, J., & Lipscombe, J. (2005). The nature and extent of help given to women with disabilities to manage menstruation. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 30(1). 45-52. Doi: 10.1080/136682505000033094.
  • Rodgers, J., Lipscombe, J., & Santer, M. (2006). Menstrual problems experienced by women with learning disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 19. 364-373. Doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2005.00298.x. Source
  • Rogers, C., Earnest, J. Sexual and reproductive health communication among Sudanese and Eritrean women: an exploratory study from Brisbane, Australia Culture, Health & Sexuality, 2014 Culture, Health & Sexuality. An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care. Volume 17, 2015 – Issue 2
  • Rogoff, B. (2003). The cultural nature of human development. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Rosenthal, M. S. (2003). Gynecological health: A comprehensive sourcebook for Canadian women. Toronto, ON: Viking Canada.
  • Root, J. Hippocampal structural changes across the menstrual cycle Hippocampus, 18:985–988 (2008).
  • Rusak, B. Impact of menstrual cycle phase on endocrine effects of partial sleep restriction in healthy women. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2014, 49, 34-46.
  • Schulz, M.L.: M.D.; Ph.D. The New Feminine Brain, 2013.
  • Shilaih M., Goodale B. M., Falco L., Kubler F., De Clerck V., and Leeners, B. Modern fertility awareness methods: wrist wearables capture the changes in temperature associated with the menstrual cycle. Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Ava AG, Zurich, Switzerland. Bioscience Reports (2018) 38 Source BSR20171279
  • Short, M. B., & Rosenthal, S. L. (2008). Psychosocial development and puberty. Annals of New York Academy of Science, 1135. 36-42. Doi: 10.1196/annals.1429.011.
  • Silberg, J.L., Martin, N. G., Heath A. C. Genetic and Environmental Factors in Primary Dysmenorrhea and Its Relationship to Anxiety, Depression, and Neuroticism. Behavior Genetics, Vol. 17, No. 4, 1987
  • Slob, K. Baxter, C Hop, W. Rowland, D. Schiavi, R. Sexual arousability and the menstrual cycle. Psychoneuroendocrinology, Vol. 21, No. 6, pp. 545-558, 1996
  • Sociologists for women in society. The Menstrual Cycle: A Feminist Lifespan Perspective Source
  • Sommer, M., Sutherland, C., Chandra-Mouli, V. Putting menarche and girls into the global population health agenda. Reproductive Health (2015) 12:24
  • Stantona S. J., Lieningd S. H., Schultheisse O. C. 2011. Testosterone is positively associated with risk taking, in the Iowa Gambling Task, Hormones and Behavior Volume 59, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 252–256.
  • Stubbs, M. L. (2008). Cultural perceptions and practices around menarche and adolescent menstruation in the United States. Annals of New York Academy of Science, 1135. 58-66. Doi: 10.1196/annals.1429.008.
  • Sundström Poromaa I., Gingnell M. Menstrual cycle influence on cognitive function and emotion processing—from a reproductive perspective. Frontiers in Neuroscience, review article, 24 Nov 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00380
  • Swanson, S. It’s About Bloody Time. Period: An exploration of the origins and implications of men’s perceptions, attitudes, beliefs and understandings of menstruation, July 2013
  • Swenson, I. E., & Foster, B. (1995). Menstruation, menarche, and sexuality in the public school curriculum: School nurses’ perceptions. Adolescence, 30(119). http://web.ebscohost.com.proxy2lib.umanitoba.ca/ehost.
  • Tang, C. S., Yeung, D. Y. L, & Lee, A. M. (2004). A comparison of premarcheal expectations and postmenarcheal experiences in Chinese early adolescents. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 24. 180-195. Doi: 10.1177/0272431603262669.
  • The Effect of an Educational Booklet about Menstruation on Female Nursing Students’ Knowledge, Practices and Beliefs. IOSR Journals , 2019
  • Thomas, i. & Narayanan, G. (2006). “Psycho-Social Correlates of Perimenstrual Distress”, Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, Vol-32, No-1, Pages: 76 – 85. Jan 2006
  • Tsai, Hsiu-Min. Physical Activity Among Taiwanese Women with Menstrual Symptoms. Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. August 2005 Source
  • Tsai, Su-Ying. Effect of Yoga Exercise on Premenstrual Symptoms among Female Employees in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jul; 13(7): 721. Published online 2016 Jul 16. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721 Source
  • Tülin Atan. Menstrual syndrome comparison of athletes and non-athletes. Health Med, 2012, vol 6, No 9
  • Uca, Z. Menstruation: A Silent War That Women Go Through Zeynep Uca Istanbul Bilgi University Source
  • Ussher, J. It’s not all bad: Women’s construction and lived experience of positive premenstrual change. Feminism & Psychology, 2013
  • Ussher, J. M. And Wilding, J. M. (1992) ‘Interactions between stress and performance during the menstrual cycle in relation to the premenstrual syndrome’, Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 10: 2, 83 —101
  • Ussher, J. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology, 2014
  • Ussher, J. 2004. Premenstrual Syndrome and Selfpolicing: Ruptures in Self-Silencing Leading to Increased Self-Surveillance and Blaming of the Body. Social Theory & Health, 2004, 2, (254–272).Source
  • Ussher, J., Perz, J. Experiences and Constructions of Menarche and Menstruation Among Migrant and Refugee Women. Qualitative Health Research 1 –18
  • Van Boven, L., & Ashworth, L. (2007). Looking forward, looking back: Anticipation is more evocative than retrospection. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 136(2). 289-300.
  • Vigneault, M. After Red Flag – A Consideration of Menstrual Blood as Riot. Women’s Bodies: Fluids, Functions, and Fictions, moderated by Jennifer Pride. SECAC Conference, Columbus, OH.
  • Vitti, A. The Woman Code: Perfect Your Cycle, Amplify Your Fertility, Supercharge Your Sex Drive and Become a Power Source 2013 Hay House UK Ltd
  • Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Yeung, D. Y. L, Tang, C. S., & Lee, A. (2005). Psychosocial and cultural factors influencing expectations of menarche: A study on Chinese premenarchael teenage girls. Journal of Adolescent Research, 20. 118-135. Doi:10.1177/0743558404271134